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Aged Care Glossary | Freedom Aged Care

15 Feb, '18

In Happy, healthy ageing tips


There are a number of technical used terms and phrases used in aged care and if you are unfamiliar with these terms, like many are, you can find navigating the aged care space very difficult.  That is why we at Freedom Aged Care have developed this glossary of aged care terms, to help you familiarise yourself with the aged care space.



Aged Care Community

An aged care community refers to any facility that offers residential aged care in a community setting. This can be a Government funded facility, like a nursing home, or it can be a privately funded facility.


Aged Care Funding Instrument (ACFI)

The ACFI is a resource allocation tool designed to distribute Government subsidies to aged care homes and is based on the assessed care needs of the residents living in a specific aged care home. This assessment is based on the activities of daily living, resident’s behaviour and complex health care, which can be determined to be either ‘nil’, ‘low’, ‘medium’ or ‘high’.


Aged Care Assessment Team (ACAT)

The ACAT conduct a face-to-face assessment in order to help the elderly and their carers determine the type and amount of care a person will require. This assessment of an individual’s care requirements is generally carried out by a team of health professionals and can include a doctor, a nurse, a social worker and an occupational therapist. In Victoria this is often referred to as Aged Care Assessment Service (ACAS).


Assisted & Supported Living

Assisted and supported living facilities are state registered, privately funded service providers who offer a service similar to that of Government funded facilities. You are generally not required to complete an ACAT/ACAS assessment in assisted and supported living facilities.


Diversional Therapist

Diversional therapists are professionals who strive to provide their residents with a range of recreational and leisurely activities. This is very important for the elderly as it helps to maintain physical activity, mental stimulation, mobility and social interaction. Diversional therapists can also play a key role in the management of dementia.


Enduring Power of Attorney (EPOA)

EPOA is a legal document that allows someone to elect a trusted person to be the manager of their affairs in lieu of a loss of mental capacity. This means in the event that you lose the mental capability to make important financial, legal and property decisions your elected EPOA will be able to make these decisions for you. You can only make someone an EPOA when you are of sound mind and are fully able to understand the legal document.


Full Domestic Service

Full domestic service generally means you can receive help with cooking, cleaning, laundering clothing and linen, shopping, dressing and paying bills.


Home Care

Home care refers to any care a person elects to receive in their own home, this can include getting help with activities of daily living up to private health care.


Home Care Communities

Home care communities are an alternative to a nursing home and home care. Generally home care communities are privately funded and allow residents to purchase a home within a community that can provide the same level of care offered in a nursing home.  Find out more >


Home Care Packages (HCP)

There are four levels of Government funded home care packages. Each level of the home care package is based on an individual’s current care needs and includes a dementia supplement, for those suffering from dementia, and a veteran supplement, for veterans with an accepted mental health condition. Level 1 supports people with basic care needs. Level 2 supports people with low care needs. Level 3 supports people with intermediate care needs. Level 4 supports people with high care needs.


Independent Living Units (ILUs)

Independent Living Units, commonly referred to as ‘Villas’ or ‘ILUs’, are units that are designed for active retirees who are still independent and do not require assistance with the activities of daily living.


Nursing Home

A nursing home is a residential aged care facility that offers a high level of care for people who require help with activities of daily living, including feeding, dressing, cleaning and mobility.


Occupational Therapist

Occupational therapists are health professionals who are concerned with the health and wellbeing of their residents. They strive to empower their residents to be as self-sufficient and independent as possible by encouraging self-care, community involvement and social engagement.


Palliative Care

Palliative care is a specific type of care that is provided for people with an advanced life threatening illness. The aim of palliative care is to ensure that the whole experience is as positive and comfortable as possible for the person involved, their family and their carers. This is often achieved with the correct implementation of medication and pain management.


Privately Funded Aged Care

Residential aged care facilities that are not Government funded and do not generally require an ACAT/ACAS assessment to become a resident. This can also be known as supported or assisted living facilities, independent living units or serviced apartments.


Residential Aged Care

Residential aged care is designed for elderly people who can no longer support themselves at home. This could be due to illness, disability, family, and an emergency or just because it is now no longer possible to manage at home without help.


Respite Care

Temporary care designed to provide relief to the usual carer, giving them a break from their caring role. Respite care can take effect because of planned breaks, short holidays or emergencies. 


Need short term care for your loved one?  Find out about Freedom Aged Care respite here.


Serviced Apartment

A serviced apartment is designed for people wanting to live in an apartment where their activities of daily living, such as cleaning, laundering and meals, are provided on a fee for service basis.


We hope that this glossary has helped you to develop a solid understanding of some of the most commonly used terms in the aged care space.


Have any questions? Click here and get in contact We are more than happy to help